“The FBI’s history of success in counterterrorism has not been without problems.
The FBI has been plagued by scandals and scandals that have impacted its ability to carry out its core mission of protecting the public and the American people.
In the aftermath of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the FBI faced unprecedented public scrutiny of its actions, as well as the political pressures of being the most prominent law enforcement agency in the United States.”
— FBI Director James Comey, May 20, 2019The FBI was not the first law enforcement organization to be beset by controversies.
In 1964, the Bureau was embroiled in the Kennedy assassination investigation.
President Lyndon B. Johnson had a falling out with Attorney General Robert Kennedy and was in turmoil.
Johnson’s White House counsel, Frank B. Fain, was under investigation by the Senate Judiciary Committee for allegedly withholding information from the Warren Commission, the independent commission that investigated the assassination.
Johnson fired Fain and fired Attorney General John Mitchell.
A special prosecutor was appointed to investigate Mitchell.
In March 1970, Mitchell was indicted on perjury charges and sentenced to three years in prison.
Mitchell later pleaded guilty to a lesser charge of obstruction of justice and served less than two years.
The Justice Department also found that Mitchell had lied to Congress about his involvement in the JFK assassination.
Mitchell was a career FBI agent with more than 30 years of experience and a reputation for integrity.
He had been a career investigator and agent for the FBI, with the title of Special Agent in Charge (SAC) and the title Special Counsel.
Mitchell had previously worked at the FBI’s National Security Division.
The SAC was responsible for the security of the President and other top government officials, including the Attorney General, the Secretary of Defense, the Director of National Intelligence, the Attorney-General, the President of the Senate, and other members of the executive branch.
The role of the SAC and the FBI differed depending on the department in which he was assigned.
For example, in the 1960s, the SDC was responsible solely for the protection of the White House, although the President was occasionally given a visit by a SAC, who had direct responsibility for security issues.
For example, the director of the CIA, John McCone, had an office at the White Room where he and other senior administration officials could communicate with the President.
The SDC also handled a wide range of other federal agencies, including State Department and the Defense Department, the Federal Aviation Administration, the National Weather Service, the Department of Defense and the Department in Charge of National Security.
The director of National Defense was also responsible for national security matters.
The FBI had a reputation as a good law enforcement service.
The Bureau’s ability to investigate and prosecute crimes was unmatched in the world.
But it had faced a series of scandals and controversies, many of which were linked to the president.
The bureau was accused of using its power to cover up the involvement of the Kennedy brothers in the assassination, of failing to investigate allegations of civil rights abuses against Black men at the hands of police officers in Alabama, and of not investigating allegations that the FBI had been involved in a cover-up of the assassination of John F. Kennedy.
As a result of the FBI scandals, the bureau faced numerous challenges.
In 1972, President Nixon ordered a special prosecutor appointed to probe the allegations against Mitchell.
The investigation was concluded in 1972 and the Justice Department indicted Mitchell.
Nixon was impeached for perjury and obstruction of Congress.
In January 1976, President Gerald Ford ordered a review of the bureau.
The review concluded that the bureau had not properly investigated the Kennedy investigation.
A congressional investigation into the FBI by a subcommittee of the House Select Committee on Assassinations found that there was no evidence that Mitchell or any other bureau official engaged in misconduct or abuse.
The report was not publicly released until 1978.
The Senate Select Committee to Investigate Governmental Operations (SIGOT) then held a special hearing on the FBI investigation.
In the wake of the Watergate scandal, the Justice and FBI Departments began looking into allegations of misconduct by members of various agencies, some of which had not been investigated before.
The Inspector General of the Department was formed and the head of the Office of Inspector General was removed.
It was revealed that the Justice department had improperly obtained information from a private investigator who was employed by the White Houses counsel.
In October 1977, President Carter fired Robert Mueller, the special prosecutor who had conducted the inquiry into the Watergate cover-ups.
The Watergate scandal caused Nixon to resign.
Nixon’s presidency ended with a bitter re-election loss to Gerald Ford in November 1980.
But the FBI did not give up.
In January 1989, Attorney General Edwin Meese asked the Justice Departments inspector general to investigate whether FBI agents had improperly accessed private files from the White houses office of counsel.
The inspector general was instructed to conduct an independent investigation into allegations that there had been inappropriate access to confidential FBI files. The IG